The Spirit enables Jesus’s followers to speak to all the devout Jews, reconfiguring our understanding of “devout,” forcing us to reimagine who it is that belongs to the inner circle of the people of God.

Acts 2:1-21 The Spirit of God comes as an image of eschatological judgment and of eschatological salvation, surprising us all with its redefinition of the people of God.

1 Corinthians 12:3b-13 God’s disassembly of our presumed social hierarchies begins with God’s own involvement with the people and extends through our being united to each other and transformed in the body of Christ.

Numbers 11:24-30 The uncontrollable nature of the Spirit of God has always been a characteristic of its work. As much as we might want to control it, God wants it to burst beyond our expectations. So, of course, it does.

Psalm 104:24-34, 35b God’s spirit is the breath of life. God’s presence is an earth-shattering event.

John 20:19-23 In John’s “Pentecost,” the disciples are equipped by the Spirit for a mission of self-giving love and representation of God to the world. 

Daniel Kirk is a writer, speaker, and blogger who lives in San Francisco, CA where he is currently Pastoral Director for the Newbigin House of Studies. His third book A Man Attested by God: the Human Jesus of the Synoptic Gospels, is hot off the presses. Daniel holds a Ph.D. in New Testament from Duke University and is the author of, Unlocking Romans: Resurrection and the Justification of God and Jesus Have I Loved, but Paul? He blogs regularly at  ( You can follow him on Twitter @jrdkirk and on Facebook at